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Floreana mockingbird

Floreana mockingbird
© Luis Ortiz Catedral

Common name:

Floreana mockingbird

Scientific name:

Mimus trifasciatus

Spanish name:

Cucuve de Floreana

Conservation status:



Average size:

25 centimetres


The Floreana mockingbird was the first mockingbird species described by Charles Darwin during the voyage of the Beagle in 1835. His reports say these birds were widespread across Floreana, however it only took 50 years for the species to become extinct on the island. During his travels he came across three other species of mockingbird in Galapagos. It was his observations of the differences in the three bird species, all derived from a common ancestor, that was used as part of his evidence for evolution by natural selection.

Floreana mockingbirds are almost identical to the Galapagos mockingbird except for their red-brown eyes and dark patches on the side of the breast. They have a long graduated tail with pale tips and a longish curved beak. Unlike other species of mockingbird, Floreana mockingbirds do not mimic other birds. Once found across Floreana, they now exist on two tiny islands off the coast: Champion (0.1km2) and Gardner-by-Floreana (0.8km2) with the overall population consisting of several hundred individuals. It is believed to have become extinct from Floreana due to habitat loss and predation from invasive species.

Floreana mockingbirds in Galapagos

How you can help

Please help us bring the Floreana mockingbird home by donating today or by adopting a Floreana mockingbird.

Read more about Floreana mockingbirds...

14th Nov 2023
Wildlife facts

Meet the six Galapagos species you can adopt with GCT

One of the ways we encourage people to support the wildlife of Galapagos is through our species adoptions, which help fund several projects across the Archipelago.
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Floreana mockingbird
3rd Oct 2023
Island restoration Rewilding

12 missing species set to return to Floreana

Today is the day when the next phase of the restoration of Floreana island begins, as the project moves into the eradication phase, the largest and most complex eradication ever attempted on an inhabited tropical island.
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11th Oct 2022
Island restoration

How to save a mockingbird

Enzo Reyes explores how his PhD research will help with the future reintroduction of the Floreana mockingbird, one of 12 species that are locally extinct on Floreana.
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19th Feb 2021

Snakes, iguanas and more... Part 2

Euan Moncrieffe was lucky to volunteer with one of our partners, Luis Ortiz-Catedral, on some of his projects in Galapagos in 2019. Here is the second of two blogs that he wrote for us about his experiences working with snakes, iguanas and more.
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