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The Islands

View of Bartolome island, Galapagos
© Donna Johnson
Floreana mockingbird


Floreana has a fascinating human history and many endemic species, but it is also the island that has been most altered by the presence of humans.
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Opuntia on Isabela island


Isabela is one of the youngest islands in the Archipelago, volcanically active and home to endangered endemic species including the mangrove finch, Galapagos penguin and flightless cormorant.
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Galapagos sea lion in San Cristobal

San Cristobal

San Cristobal is the easternmost island in the Galapagos Archipelago and has the second largest human population, home to around 6,000 people.
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Santa Cruz giant tortoise

Santa Cruz

Santa Cruz is the second largest island in Galapagos and is home to the largest town, Puerto Ayora, along with the Charles Darwin Research Station and iconic species including the giant tortoise.
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Darwin's finch at Baltra airport


The small, flat island of Baltra is home to the main airport in Galapagos, and offers most tourists their first glimpse of the Archipelago’s unique wildlife.
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Landscape of Bartolome island, Galapagos


The little islet of Bartolome is the most photographed spot in the Galapagos Islands, and is home to a colony of Galapagos penguins.
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Sunset over Daphne Major, Galapagos

Daphne Major

Daphne Major is a barren, treeless little island to the north of Santa Cruz, with access restricted to those with a special permit from the National Park.
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Darwin's Pillars, Galapagos


Darwin is the northernmost island in the Galapagos Archipelago and is known for its spectacular abundance of marine life, including large schools of scalloped hammerhead sharks.
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Waved albatross on Española


Española is the southernmost of the Galapagos islands and is home to a number of endemic species, most notably the magnificent waved albatross, which nest here in their thousands.
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Marine iguana and lava lizard on Fernandina


Fernandina is the youngest island in the Archipelago and the most volcanically active, still virtually pristine and home to iconic species such as marine iguanas and Galapagos penguins.
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Red-footed booby on Genovesa


The horseshoe-shaped island of Genovesa, formed from a collapsed shield volcano, is often referred to as the ‘bird island’ thanks to the abundance of bird species that nest on the top of its cliffs.
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Scientific expedition to Marchena island


Marchena is the largest of the northern islands, uninhabited and off-limits to tourists. It is home to a number of endangered species, and the surrounding waters are rich in marine life.
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Opuntia cacti and sesuvium on South Plaza island, Galapagos

North & South Plaza

These tiny, crescent-shaped twin islands are situated just off the east coast of Santa Cruz, and South Plaza is the only place in Galapagos where land and marine iguanas interbreed.
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Great frigatebird on North Seymour

North Seymour

North Seymour is a small island in the centre of the Galapagos Archipelago, home to significant populations of seabirds such as blue-footed boobies and magnificent frigatebirds.
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Sunset on Pinta island


The island of Pinta has suffered significant ecological damage due to human activity, and was famously the home of Lonesome George, the last tortoise of his species who sadly died in 2012.
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Pinzon island, Galapagos


Although Pinzon lies at the centre of the Galapagos Archipelago, the island receives few visitors, and is slowly recovering from the damaging effects of invasive species.
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Galapagos sea lion on red sand beach, Rabida


Rabida is a small island in the centre of the Galapagos Archipelago known for its distinctive red rocks, and is particularly rich in bird life.
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Sea lions on Santa Fe island

Santa Fe

Santa Fe is one of the oldest islands in the Archipelago, estimated to be at least four million years old, and has its own endemic species of land iguana.
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Santiago island, Galapagos


Although uninhabited, Santiago has a fascinating human history, and its flora and fauna have been dramatically impacted by the introduction of invasive species.
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Scalloped hammerhead shark in Galapagos


Wolf is one of the most remote islands in Galapagos, situated in the far north of the Archipelago, and is well known to divers thanks to its abundant marine life.
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