Pinzón de manglar
The mangrove finch belongs to the group of birds commonly referred to as ‘Darwin’s finches’, and is endemic to the Galapagos Islands. It has highly specific habitat requirements, with breeding populations occurring only in two small areas of pristine mangrove forest on the north-west coast of Isabela. Its extinction across much of its former range makes the mangrove finch one of the most range-restricted birds in the world, with only around 100 individuals remaining.
Adult mangrove finches have dull brown plumage, becoming more olive-toned towards the rump, and whitish, lightly streaked underparts. Males develop black feathers on the head and neck after several annual moults. The beak is long and pointed, and, like many of Darwin’s finches, has evolved for efficient food collection. Mangrove finches use their delicate beaks to lift the scales of tree bark, allowing them to retrieve insect prey from underneath, as well as to probe through the leaf litter.
Mangrove finches in Galapagos
Saving the Mangrove Finch
"These finches are not part of a wider, fragmented colony, but represent the entire world population."
This project is working to protect one of the rarest birds on earth, the Critically Endangered mangrove finch, which is threatened with extinction by habitat loss and invasive species.