Skip navigation
11/03/2020 Invasive species Island restoration

Protecting Floreana’s finches – Restoring Floreana update

Our partners on the Restoring Floreana programme have started trials to determine how best to protect these, and other native species found on the island, from poison bait when the eradication section of the programme occurs to remove invasive mammals.

Alice Marks

Senior Development Manager

Floreana island has a number of finch species ranging from the common small ground finch, to the very rare medium tree finch. Our partners on the Restoring Floreana programme have started trials to determine how best to protect these, and other native species found on the island, from poison bait when the eradication section of the programme occurs to remove invasive mammals.

Floreana island, in the south of the Archipelago, is the sixth largest Galapagos island and home to a small human population of around 140 people. While known for its amazing and rare biodiversity, many native and endemic species on Floreana are under threat from invasive predators, including rats, mice and cats, which were first introduced to the island around 150 years ago when human settlers first arrived.

Medium Tree Finch © Bill Hale

The critically endangered medium tree finch is one of the potential at risk species from the baiting phase of the programme © Prof W G Hale

The impact of invasive species on local wildlife has been devastating; 12 species have already gone locally extinct, including the Floreana mockingbird and Floreana racer snake, and a further 55 species are on the IUCN Red List – with two of these listed as Critically Endangered. For species that have suffered local extinction, we are fortunate that they survive on neighbouring islands and small islets off the coast of Floreana.

In an attempt to restore Floreana island’s incredible biodiversity, an eradication programme led by our partners at the Galapagos National Park and Island Conservation will take place to remove invasive predators. This is a world-first attempt to undertake an eradication on a large and inhabited island, and involves extensive planning and research focused around three major areas of work; mitigation, eradication and reintroduction. Fortunately, the local community is on board to support the programme as they not only feel a responsibility to preserve their island’s biodiversity, but invasive species have also impacted on tourism and agriculture – both essential contributors to this community’s economic development.

The eradication itself is planned for 2021 and involves the dispersal of poisoned bait on Floreana. Our partners at The Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust are supporting Island Conservation on the delivery of vital mitigation activities to minimise the impact of the eradication on the island’s native wildlife. To date, preparations have included a review of the local wildlife that is potentially at risk from the baiting phase, as well as recommendations for strategies to protect these species, i.e. in captive holding facilities.

Floreana mockingbird - Luis Ortiz-Catedral

The Floreana mockingbird is one of the locally extinct species the team aims to reintroduce to the island once invasive mammals have been removed © Luis Ortiz-Catedral

For the small and medium ground-finches, common cactus-finch, and small and medium tree finches, it has been proposed that a small, genetically representative number of each species are held in captivity in on site aviaries for the duration of the eradication. Due to uncertainty around the temporary holding of birds that are not widely kept in captivity, a trial phase was run, as well as to determine the husbandry requirements, diets and the stocking densities for each species to be held in the aviaries during the baiting phase.

Durrell’s Mitigation Manager, Rowland Digby, recently reported that “we have identified the numbers [of birds] that can live peaceably together and in good health, additionally identifying many of the specific dietary requirements and preferences of the birds, with over 90% of this being obtained from the island of Floreana itself”. They are also attempting to train the birds to land on weighing scales for a food stimulus, to get an idea of their weight and general condition.

© Roland Digby

A park ranger putting out food for the finches in their aviary © Roland Digby/Durrell Wildlife Trust

The Floreana community and National Park rangers have an essential role to play in the mitigation activities too, including building and management of the aviaries and basic husbandry and monitoring. Ultimately, their involvement will help develop local skills and build capacity in Galapagos.

How to help Floreana’s finches and other wildlife?

Donate towards the Floreana programme or why not adopt a Floreana mockingbird today! Alternatively become a GCT member to commit long term support and in return receive our biannual magazine for updates from this project and others. 

Related articles

14th Nov 2023
Wildlife facts

Meet the six Galapagos species you can adopt with GCT

One of the ways we encourage people to support the wildlife of Galapagos is through our species adoptions, which help fund several projects across the Archipelago.
Read more
Galapagos Day 2023 speakers
30th Oct 2023
Events Rewilding

Galapagos Day 2023: Rewilding Galapagos

On Thursday 19 October we gathered once more at London’s historic Royal Geographical Society for Galapagos Day, our biggest event of the year.
Read more
Sunrise on Floreana
25th Oct 2023
Island restoration Rewilding

Tequila Sunrise? Or Floreana Sunrise?

Carolina Torres, International Legal and Administrative Manager at GCT partner Island Conservation, reflects on how the Floreana project signals hope for a future where people and nature can thrive together.
Read more
Floreana mockingbird
3rd Oct 2023
Island restoration Rewilding

12 missing species set to return to Floreana

Today is the day when the next phase of the restoration of Floreana island begins, as the project moves into the eradication phase, the largest and most complex eradication ever attempted on an inhabited tropical island.
Read more

Get the latest news from Galapagos

Join our mailing list to receive our monthly email newsletter, bringing you the latest news on Galapagos and our work to protect the Islands.

Hidden
Share This Page